Common name: Blackcap. Black Raspberry ( Rubus Leucodermis) is not to be confused with blackberry. It occurs primarily in northern temperate regions, but can be found on all continents, except Antarctica. There are about 200 species native to North America. It is not frost tender. BLACKBERRY AND RASPBERRY TAXONOMY. The whitish-pink flowers form clusters and bloom on the top of the canes in mid-spring. Identifying and Harvesting Edible and Medicinal Plants in Wild (and not so Wild) Places. The roots are crushed and consumed for stomach pains and bowel trouble (Vogel 357). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Many people, however, love the flavor and use them to make pies, jams, jellies, or syrups. USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database. The black raspberry's name can oftentimes be a source of confusion: is it actually a blackberry? WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn, Rubus idaeus L. ssp. Genus: Rubus. Both Himalaya and cutleaf blackberry have five-angled stems, but Himalaya blackberry can easily be distinguished from the other wild blackberries by its five distinct leaflets, each leaflet toothed and generally oval in shape. In actuality, the black raspberry is a unique fruit with a different texture and taste from blackberries or raspberries despite its name. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Family: Rosaceae. Fruits are the typical raspberry: a hollow globe-shaped “cap”; but ripe, seedy drupelets are dark purplish black. Several species, however, are also considered weeds. Although they have delicious berries, and are excellent wildlife habitat, these species should be controlled as much as possible or they quickly take over disturbed habitats. Rasp- may have come from a 15th century word, raspis, which means “a fruit from which a drink could be made.” “Leucodermis means white skin, or “whitebark”—referring to the very glaucous (whitish bloom) on its stems. The dried berries would then be used for foodstuffs such as pemmican and provided an easy way to get vitamins during the fruit-scarce winter. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: Yes. Use by Wildlife: The brambles rank at the very top of summer foods for wildlife, especially birds: grouse, pigeons, quail, grosbeaks, jays, robins, thrushes, towhees, waxwings, sparrows, to name just a few. Call me: 785-864-2660, http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ruoc.html, http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?stat=BROWSE_IMG&query_src=photos_browseimgs_plant_sci&where-genre=Plant&where-taxon=Rubus+leucodermis&title_tag=Rubus+leucodermis, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/savanna/plants/bl_raspberry.htm, Foods Indigenous to the Western Hemisphere. Blackcap ( Rubus leucodermis ) a less common native, can be distinguished by its paler green-blue erect stems, purple fruits, and leaves that have fine white hairs underneath. — the berries will stain your hands and it is difficult to avoid being scratched by prickles! The leaves are long, ovular, and sharply-toothed with white and hairy undersides (Brill, Dean 113). Blackberries are typically larger, shiny and firmer. Could it be both? & A. The Rubus occidentalis grows from the all along the eastern United States up to the Rocky Mountains while the Rubus leucodermis is found along the western coast, ranging up to British Columbia. Many cultivated varieties and hybrids are available for growing luscious berries; red, yellow, black, or purple! Type: Broadleaf. Rubus leucodermis (Blackcap Raspberry, Black Raspberry, or Whitebark Raspberry, and native: Blue Raspberry) is a species of Rubus native to western North America, from British Columbia, Canada south to California, New Mexico and Mexico. Though the fruit is much less popular today than it was in the past, both species of the black raspberry is still grown and sold throughout the United States.