Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013) (v.1) Or, they may be determined to be of hybrid origin, which would be an challenging taxonomic situation but perhaps perfectly fitting for such a prolific global innovator. In Florida, Purple Swamphens (Fig. Australasian Swamphen (Porphyrio melanotus) in Papua New Guinea by David J. Ringer. Geographically adjacent taxa are not each other’s closest relatives. IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1 (v.1) So it sounds like there’s more work to do in Florida. subspecies and subspecies groups may represent species-level lineages.” Their results do show significant genetic structuring among recognized subspecies and subspecies groups (as described above), which indicates reduced gene flow, and they write that “range expansion is probably episodic, and this enhances the opportunity for speciation and establishment of reproductive barriers.”. IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4 (v.1) He is a writer and communicator whose day jobs have taken him to six continents and more than 25 countries, including Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Kenya, and Cameroon. Dispersal and speciation in purple swamphens (Rallidae: Porphyrio), https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/29/PurpleGallinule.jpg, http://10000birds.com/purple-swamphen-supertramp-or-superspecies.htm, Best Bird of the Weekend (Third of November 2020). They have been introduced to Florida. (See the white-eye account below for another. Porphyrio [poliocephalus, melanotus or indicus], Porphyrio [madagascariensis x poliocephalus]. IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4 (v.1) Recognizing that in some fashion seems like a reasonable idea to me. The western Mediterranean birds are bluish-purple all over. eBird version 2017 (v.1) IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1 (v.1) To register to myAvibase click here. It is mainly dusky black above, with a broad dark blue collar, and dark blue to purple below. Long, red-pink legs and long toes. In Europe, purple swamphens live in the Atlantic and Mediterranean basins where there are suitable lagoons, rivers, and other wetlands. I am photographing a western swamphen lookalike (blue-purple all over) in addition to the grey headed swamphen in Mumbai, India. full species (sometimes a subspecies), This taxon is considered a subspecies of The bill is red and robust, and the legs and feet orange-red. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016) (v.1) The Gray-headed Swamphen ranges from Turkey through India to northern Thailand. Take care, […] The Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) is closely related to the Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus), which is native to Florida and is common at Sweetwater during the spring and summer. It includes some smaller species which are usually called "purple gallinules", and which are sometimes separated as genus Porphyrula or united with the gallinules proper (or "moorhens") in Gallinula. The authors “remain cautious” about this result but suggest that dispersal of this sort is possible. The Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio is a "swamp hen" in the rail family Rallidae. Here’s hoping that this remarkably successful and adaptable group of birds someday gets the greater recognition and understanding it deserves. IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2 (v.1) Be sure to browse our extensive galleries, species accounts, and book and product reviews. There is still some uncertainty on this point, but the Florida population seems to be made up of birds now known as Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus) and the international eBird database refers to them by that name. If split, their scientific name would be P. indicus. It’s unclear which major taxonomic body might act on all this information. eBird version 1.52 (v.1) The IOC World Bird List already recognizes African Swamphen as a separate species and may proceed to split the rest based on this study. Swamphens were often kept in captivity in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. This chicken-sized bird, with its large feet, bright plumage and red bill and frontal shield is easily-recognisable in its native range. Yellow-breasted Chat, Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, Jamaican Lizard-Cuckoo, February 2020. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018) (v.1) From its French name talève sultane, it is also known as the Sultana Bird. IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3 (v.1), Avibase has been visited 312,087,649 times since 24 June 2003. However the gallinule’s bill is conical with a bright yellow tip, unlike the swamphen’s all-red parrotlike bill, and the gallinule’s legs are bright yellow, unlike the dull-orange legs of the swamphen. eBird version 1.54 (v.1) eBird version 2015 (v.1) African Swamphen, Porphyrio madagascariensis in South Africa by Derek Keats. He also mentions, however, that the same unpublished study shows female birds in Florida tending to be blue-headed and male birds tending to be gray-headed. In their new study, Juan Carlos García-Ramírez and Steve Trewick of New Zealand’s Massey University suggest that the genus Porphyrio (from a Greek word for purple) likely originated in Africa and colonized the world from there. The colorful Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) lives in wetlands from Portugal and Senegal all the way east to New Zealand and the Samoan Islands, and a feral population is now well established in Florida. Clements, version 2017 (v.1) There are 13 recognized subspecies of purple swamphen. Dark blackish swamphens occur from eastern Indonesia across Australia, Melanesia, southern Micronesia, and Polynesia as far east as American Samoa, having reached some of these islands only in the last few hundred years and, in the case of New Zealand at least, recolonizing islands previously settled by their cousins. David MyAvibase allows you to create and manage your own lifelists, and produce useful reports to help you plan your next birding excursion. Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red) García-Ramírez and Trewick stop short of calling for recognition of six species, noting only that “several Earlier this year, based on DNA analysis, the Purple Swamphen was split into six species. Follow him on Twitter at, © 2019 10,000 Birds // All rights reserved. TSN: 708098. Most of the Purple Swamphens in Florida are believed to belong to the gray-headed subspecies (P. p. poliocephalus), although some have brilliant blue heads and may belong to another race. Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014) (v.1) Moving on to the heart of the matter, García-Ramírez and Trewick show that “Purple Swamphen” as currently recognized is paraphyletic with respect to the critically endangered (South Island) Takahe (Porphyrio hochstetteri) and the extinct North Island Takahe (Porphyrio mantelli) and Lord Howe (White) Swamphen (Porphyrio albus). The Porphyrio gallinules are distributed in the warmer regions of the world. #birds, Jamaican Tody #jamaica #jamaicantody #birdsofinsta, Vermilion Flycatcher, Orange County, California #v, A very nice young White-crowned Sparrow at Normans, Red-winged Blackbird, Queens, New York #singing #b, Sora, Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, Queens, New Yor.