His last major works include the Church of San Antonio of the orchards in Mexico (1956); the chapel of Lomas de Cuernavaca in Mexico (1959); the chapel of San Vicente de Paul in Coyoacán (1960); the Olympic Stadium of Mexico in the city of Mexico (1968); the project of the sports complex of the Brown University in Rhode Island (USA, 1969); the project for the stadium Santiago Bernabeu in Madrid (1975) and the King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (1977). Felix Candela, Spanish-born architect, designer of reinforced-concrete (ferroconcrete) structures distinguished by thin, curved shells that are extremely strong and unusually economical. This ruled surface creates very clear spaces that narrows towards the inside and open up to the outside, to a landscape consisting of a coniferous forest and a lake. Biography of Félix Candela (1910-1997). Every project of his is a step forward in search of increasingly fine, creative cover an interior open space. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Felix-Candela, Columbia University - Biography of Felix Candela, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Felix Candela. Barcelona, Ed. These first buildings were simple dwellings. Benevolent, l.: history of modern architecture. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The building consists of a large concrete vault of focused plant divided by the same hyperbolic paraboloids that depart from the Center. Candela emigrated to Mexico in 1939 and began to design and help construct buildings in that country. His design was chosen for the Sports Palace used in the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City. On several of his projects he acted as construction foreman. St. James Press. The first time that materialized these shells cover in a building is in the building of the beam cosmic of the city of Mexico (1951), which achieves a thickness of 15 mm coverOften this architect has compared with architects like Prouvé or ingenieros-arquitectos as Nervi, which exploits to the maximum capacity of reinforced concrete structures. Mexican architect, born on January 27, 1910 in Madrid (Spain) and died in the United States in 1997. Also the hyperbolic paraboile, being a thin surface, allows a saving in the formwork (uses only straight planks). Explore Felix Candela's biography, personal life, family and cause of death. Black Friday Sale! Candela taught in the United States at Harvard University (1961–62) and at the University of Illinois, Chicago (1971–78). Updates? Building, a usually roofed and walled structure built for permanent use. Try to remember if these famous names were painters or architects. Later, buildings were constructed…. Félix Candela Outeriño was a Spanish and Mexican architect who was born in Madrid and at the age of 26, emigrated to Mexico, acquiring double nationality. Performs most of his works in the country of exile, also working in Illinois (Chicago), city in which he/she taught as a Professor of the University between 1953 and 1970.Durante all his life a deep research on slim vaults and hyperbolic paraboloids for roofs made with lightweight concrete. One of his most characteristic works is the restaurant Los Manantiales in Xochimilco (Mexico, 1958) where takes the most formal and organic architecture as well as the study of the paraboloid. 1991. In addition to Rio’s Warehouse in Mexico City (1955) and other warped-shell industrial buildings, he designed various thin-shell catenary, or barrel-vaulted, factories and warehouses. Unique walls of closing that we are closing that "cover" the dome paraboloids. The reinforced concrete roof of this pavilion varies in thickness from only 1.6 cm (5/8 inch) to 5 cm (2 inches). In fact, all this building Church consists almost in its entirety by the vault. Felix Candela, in full Felix Candela Outeriño, (born Jan. 27, 1910, Madrid, Spain—died Dec. 7, 1997, Durham, N.C., U.S.), Spanish-born architect, designer of reinforced-concrete (ferroconcrete) structures distinguished by thin, curved shells that are extremely strong and unusually economical. Subsequently, Candela built in Mexico City the Church of La Virgen Milagrosa (1953–55; “The Miraculous Virgin”), with a warped roof of reinforced concrete 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) thick, and the Church of San Vicente de Paul (1960). Omissions? Gustavo Gilli, 1994. Chueca Goitia, f.: History of Western architecture. Frampton, k.: History criticism of modern architecture. Think you know your artists? Premium Membership is now 50% off! Candela emigrated to Mexico in 1939 and began to design and help construct buildings in that country. Barcelona, Ed. He Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He/She studied architecture at the school of Madrid, where license in 1935, and at the Academy of fine arts of San Fernando. Rudimentary buildings were initially constructed out of the purely functional need for a controlled environment to moderate the effects of climate. He/She studied architecture at the school of Madrid, where license in 1935, and at the Academy of fine arts of San Fernando. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He attracted international attention in 1950 with his design (in collaboration with Jorge Gonzáles Reyna) for the Cosmic Ray Pavilion, Ciudad Universitaria (the campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Villa Obregón, near Mexico City). Mexican architect, born on January 27, 1910 in Madrid (Spain) and died in the United States in 1997. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Great knowledge of the material and its properties allows Candela to create structures almost by intuition.Thus built between 1953 and 1955 the Church of la Milagrosa in Mexico (Distrito Federal), where you can see a clear influence of Antonio Gaudí. After 1971 he resided in the United States and became a citizen in 1978. Corrections? Modern church stands out, again, where the study of the dome with parabolic shapes made in lightweight concrete. Gustavo Gili, 1994. Editorial Dossat, Madrid, 1980. I saw the 20th century, the final phases and Spain. After working for a time as an engineer, he/she gets ready in the Republican forces fighting against Franco in the Spanish Civil War. Candela, Felix: Contemporary Architects. This causes their exile to Mexico in 1939, nationalised in 1941 in the Central American country. London, Ed. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Felix Candela.