I was trying to reassure myself that the use of the Iron cross symbol is nothing to do with white supremism, and the article did make me feel better; however the fifties onward were very racist indeed… surely you are glad we are not as backward as we were then.? In some cases, Minox miniature cameras were given to people together with an Iron Cross.[19]. [11] The Spanish double-agent Juan Pujol García, known to the Germans as .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}Arabel and the British as Garbo received the 2nd Class Iron Cross,[12] and an MBE from King George VI four months later. Like the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross, it was for bestowal upon successful general officers. [citation needed] It was worn with a 57 mm (2.2 in) wide ribbon bearing the same colors as the Knight's Cross and 2nd Class ribbons. The cross symbol's design was black with a white or silver outline, was ultimately derived from the cross pattée of the Teutonic Order, used by knights on occasions from the 13th century. The non-combatant version of this award had the same medal, but the black and white colors on the ribbon were reversed. “Don’t take life so seriously; no one gets out alive, anyway”. It’s freedom, own philosophy, a unique bike, and symbols. He, together with several other Bosnian Muslims, was decorated with the EK. Remember that! It was repugnant to the average citizen and could be used as a symbol of rebellion. With the outbreak of World War II, they were forced to change their patch. Before a soldier could be awarded with the Iron Cross 1st Class, he needed to have been decorated with the Iron Cross 2nd Class. The Iron cross began to be further embraced by bikers and to stand for things like honor, bravery and loyalty. [7] Exact numbers of awards are not known, since the Prussian military archives were destroyed during World War II. Many bikers are veterans and veterans make up a very large percentage of outlaw bikers. [15] The award case was in red leather with the eagle and the swastika outlined in gold. [18] It is likely that Reichsmarschall Göring was the intended eventual recipient. Change ). [8] Most photographs of Hitler show him wearing his EKI in standard fashion on his left breast. The Knight's Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite or "Blue Max". Only 883 received the Oak Leaves; 160 both the Oak Leaves and Swords (including Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (posthumously)); 27 with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds; and one with the Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Oberst Hans-Ulrich Rudel). For now brothers, and sisters, live this moment as your last, and enjoy the ride! The Iron Cross has many close cousins in other western militaries such as the French Croix de Guerre or the British Victoria Cross. All to often people make snap judgements based on their limited knowledge. [15], The Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (also called Iron Cross with Golden Rays) was pinned to the left breast, above the Iron Cross 1st Class. The Iron Cross 1st Class employed a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, and was worn on the left side of the recipient's uniform, like the original 1813 version. The award was backdated to the birthday (10 March) of his late wife, Queen Louise. German Ministry of Defence (BMVg) on the Iron Cross. The Black Cross was used on the naval and combat flags of the German Empire. King Frederick William III of Prussia established it on 17 March 1813 during the Napoleonic Wars (EK 1813).