Researchers at the USDA National Wildlife Center and the University of Wyoming gave raccoons a pitcher of water containing marshmallows and some pebbles. Dolphins are clever enough to devise deceptions. Next time you need to send your wishes to a loved one, you can do it with a Zoo Portrait animal! A dolphin has a large brain relative to its body size. Posted Feb 24, 2013 Parrots are thought to be as smart as a human child. The five freedoms: animal welfare around the world, Perception in the animal kingdom: three unique information systems, The social system of dominance in animals: hierarchy and submission, 8 fascinating animal facts about 8 different species, The Big Five: the wildlife stars of African bush, Biogeographic movements: dispersal, dissemination and migration, Flagship species: Advantages and disadvantages of their management, Shades of autumn: how and why leaves change colour, Animal communication: honest, dishonest and costly signalling, Vital viewing: 6 must-watch wildlife and nature documentaries. Elephants boast the largest brain of all land animals. A common image is the scala naturae… Examples of types of intelligence include language comprehension, self-recognition, cooperation, altruism, problem-solving, and mathematics skills. According to canine intelligence expert Stanley Coren, the average dog understand around 165 human words. Half of the raccoons figured out how to use pebbles to get the treat. The octopus has the largest brain of any invertebrate, yet three-fifths of its neurons are actually in its arms. Animals possess the ability to adapt to their surroundings by learning to change their habits and behaviours. Pigs are highly adaptable mammals with a keen ability to learn new skills. This would make them far smarter than other domestic animals, such as dogs and cats. All vertebrates show some degree of intelligence. Dogs understand emotions, show empathy, and understand symbolic language. Dolphins and their kin are the only marine animals that have passed the mirror test of self-awareness. Fernando Trabanco Fotografía / Getty Images, How the Mirror Test Tries to Measure Animal Cognition. I'm a photographer, designer and future zoologist. A border collie named Chaser demonstrated understanding of 1022 words. Picture by Tambako the Jaguar / Getty Images. These are mankind’s closest relatives. Perfect as a gift or statement for your wall, whether they adorn the home or office they are sure to get people giggling! For example, the mimic octopus (Thaumoctopus mimicus) is able to impersonate other species in order to protect itself from predators. These birds solve puzzles and also understand the concept of cause and effect. Mirror Neurons and How Do They Affect Behavior, Aesop's Fable of the Crow and the Pitcher, An Introduction to Dog Intelligence and Emotion, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. These animals are renowned for their sociability and can express a wide range of emotions, including happiness and compassion, as well as pain and grief. Crows recognize human faces, communicate complex concepts with other crows, and think about the future. The concept of animal intelligence has its roots in the theory of sentience, or an animal’s ability to experience both positive and negative emotions. What is animal intelligence? She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Great Apes: In the Animal Intelligence Hierarchy, the Great Apes also known as Hominids occupy the top most ranking in all of the Species of animals. Other animals that boast super-smarts include rats, squirrels, cats, otters, pigeons, and even chickens. Their cognitive abilities include problem-solving, reasoning and even self-awareness. An octopus named Otto was known to throw rocks and spray water at the bright overhead lights of his aquarium in order to short them out. owls are very smart BUT they are impossible to train so maybe thats why he didn’t put owls. With a greater memory than even us humans, an elephant truly never forgets! While an individual might not accomplish great feats, insects work together to solve problems in a way that rivals vertebrate intelligence. They can remember other members of their own species and even recognise humans when they pose a threat. According to the latest studies and censuses drawn up by different authors, there are approximately 9 million species on planet Earth, including animals (by far,... We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By far the world’s smartest invertebrates, octopuses can carry out complex tasks, such as opening a jar to get to its contents. Lots of fun for everyone interested in animals and anyone who wants to join the movement to help protect them.