21 / NO. Bilingual education has been a political hot-button issue in many states. Throughout my entire first year at North High School, I assessed our ELL students, so I was able to identify areas of growth. Assistant Professor in ESL/ELL Co-Director of ESL Certificate Program 155 Chambers, University Park, 16802 The Pennsylvania State University June 13, 2011 . Effectiveness of Programs for English Language Learners The Question. Effective Instruction for English Learners VOL. What are the most effective methods for educating English language learners? This group of English language learners has to What does research say about the effectiveness of … Effective Programs for English Language Learners (ELL) with Interrupted Formal Education . ELL classrooms are complex learning environments. To start, educators can ask themselves questions like these: How effective are bilingual education programs for improving the English reading skills and general content knowledge of English language learners (ELL)? Despite a relatively large body of research identifying bilingual instruction as an effective instructional technique for English language learners (ELLs), English-only instruction remains a potent political and educational movement. This is most commonly used for programs with a high percentage of ELL students of a single native language, such as Spanish or Chinese. ELL programming must respect and respond to students' unique cultural identities. The fact is that many teachers hired for academic courses offered in international school programs often lack the training or experience necessary to succeed. In pull-out programs, ELL students are pulled out for a part of the day for ESL instruction and then spend the rest of the day mainstreamed in the general education classroom. The Context. The Context . 1 / SPRING 2011 103 Effective Instruction for English Learners Margarita Calderón, Robert Slavin, and Marta Sánchez Summary The fastest-growing student population in U.S. schools today is children of immigrants, half of whom do not speak English ﬂuently and are thus labeled English learners. When launching a program for English language learners, it is critical to spend time up front evaluating your school’s existing resources and student needs. Research from Lacina, Levine, and Sowa (2010/2011) tells us pull-out programs are “the most common, and also the least effective, approach to teaching a second language” (p. 107). A growing number of recent immigrant students are entering U.S. schools with little or no prior formal schooling and low literacy skills.