Which of the following techniques involves reverse transcriptase, PCR amplification, and gel electrophoresis? This AP Biology study guide for Unit 2 covers key topics with in-depth notes on Tonicity and Osmoregulation Courses Resources join free new! Community Trivia ⌨️ Hyper Typer Calendar ... study guide. Recombination between linked genes comes about for what reason? Which of the following is an example of polygenic inheritance? Dive into various examples of facilitated diffusion, one method of plasma membrane transport. AP Biology Study Guide* UNIT I CHEMISTRY/BIOCHEMISTRY I. CHEMISTRY: THE BASIS FOR LIFE A. A few examples are below: Cells, as you all know, are incredibly tiny. 1 Page (0) Anatomy & Physiology Unit 2: Histology Cheat Sheet. Browse slides from the stream 'Dialysis Lab. How do cells at the completion of meiosis compare with cells that have replicated their DNA and are just about to begin meiosis? Which of the following best describes a karyotype? Muscle cells differ from nerve cells mainly because they, the production of tissue-specific proteins, such as muscle actin. When homologous chromosomes cross over, what occurs? Tyrosine is an earlier substrate in the pathway altered in alkaptonuria. AP Bio Unit 2 Study Guide 10/29/20 Vocabulary: Nuclear envelope- a membrane barrier that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm in eukaryotic cells. AP BIO: Unit Two Study Guide Know the key differences between Prokaryotic, Eukaryotic Animal, and Eukaryotic Plant cells. How might PKU affect the presence or absence of alkaptonuria? Specific proteins break the two strands of non-sister chromatids and re-join them. Soon the Fiveable Community will be on a totally new platform where you can share, save, and organize your learning links and lead study groups among other students!, 2550 north lake drivesuite 2milwaukee, wi 53211. The movement of water inside and out of the cell is essential to it's survival. Crossovers between these genes result in chromosomal exchange. A display of each of the chromosomes of a single cell. It would have no effect, because tyrosine is also available from the diet. All female mammals have one active X chromosome per cell instead of two. We want to prevent any increase in mutation frequency. It might allow the polymerase to recognize different promoters under certain environmental conditions. Which of the following best explains the presence of these potential time bombs in eukaryotic cells? a DNA sequence that is expressed to form a functional product: either RNA or polypeptide. 2.0 Unit 2 Overview: Cell Structure and Function ... AP Biology - Review of Unit 2 Apr 22 2020. that the parents were both heterozygous for a single trait. ', Browse slides from the stream 'Tonicity and Osmoregulation. ', Browse slides from the stream 'Back to Basics: Cells. 2.1 Cell Structure: Subcellular Components, 2.11 Origins of Cell Compartmentalization, Fiveable Community students are already meeting new friends, starting study groups, and sharing tons of opportunities for other high schoolers. julescrisfulla. What causes this? Pronto-oncogenes can change into oncogenes that cause cancer. In this session, we are talking about cell structure and cell transport. Review of various types of transport such as active and passive transport, facilitated diffusion, exocytosis, and endocytosis. ', Browse slides from the stream 'Facilitated Diffusion. The plasma membrane is made up of a phospholipid bilayer. Please login or register and make your own today! Anatomy & Physiology Unit 2: Histology. This AP Biology study guide for Unit 2 covers key topics with in-depth notes on Membrane Permeability Courses Resources join free new! The membrane allows for various types of transport, shown below. 2.0 Unit 2 Overview: Cell Structure and Function. To repair a thymine dimer by nucleotide excision repair, in which order do the necessary enzymes act? normally leads to formation of head structures. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. When you centrifuge the DNA isolated from the bacteria, the DNA separates into two classes. At sexual maturity, ovaries and testes produce diploid gametes by meiosis. 92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams. Which of the following best describes siRNA? There are 2 kinds found in different locations. Description of the origin of the various specialized compartments inside of a cell. A gene may represent only a millionth of the cell's DNA, You briefly expose bacteria undergoing DNA replication to radioactively labeled nucleotides. The endosymbiotic theory is the current theory of how eukaryotic membrane-bound organelles existed in eukaryotic cells. Browse slides from the stream 'Cellular Structure & Transport,' where we cover topics including Cellular Structure, and Cellular Transport. Analyze the structure of the plasma membrane and how it contributes to membrane transport and permeability. Two people with normal color vision have a color-blind son. GTP energizes the formation of the initiation complex, using initiation factors. In the 1920's, Muller discovered that X-rays caused mutation in Drosophila. Activation of the XIST gene on the X chromosome that will become the Barr body. Red-green color blindness is a sex-linked recessive trait in humans. a short double-stranded RNA, one of whose strands can complement and inactivate a sequence of mRNA. ', Browse slides from the stream 'Cell Structure: Subcellular Components.'. Of the following, which is the most current description of a gene? One possible result of chromosomal breakage is for a fragment to join a nonhomologous chromosome. Remarkably, all the white-eyed flies were male. What is this alteration called? These have 2 parts, a hydrophobic (water-hating) part, and a hydrophilic (water-loving) part. ', Browse slides from the stream 'Cell Size. Why do we test for its ability to induce mutation? In general, which of the following would you expect many of them to bind? When Thomas Hunt Morgan crossed his red-eyed F1 generation flies to each other, the F2 generation included both red- and white-eyed flies. Approximately what percentage of the nucleotides in this sample will be thymine? A detailed look at the various methods of membrane transport such as active transport, diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, exocytosis and endocytosis. One class of labeled DNA includes very large molecules, and the other includes short stretches of DNA. Which of the following binds with the repressor to alter its conformation? We'll cover critical cell structures, compare prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and discuss types of movement across membranes. If a cell were unable to produce histone proteins, which of the following would be a likely effect? Latest Cheat Sheet. They are the site of translation and are responsible for making all of the proteins for the cell. Start studying AP Biology Unit 2 Study Guide. What was the explanation for this result? Water, just like all other substances, travels from a higher concentration of itself to a lower concentration of itself. 45, X is the only known human live-born monosomy. Way less expensive than tutoring for digestible content from the world's best AP® educators in 15+ subjects. A basic review of cell structure and function with a Q&A hosted by a former student, A deeper dive into the various organelles in cells as well as their specific function, Cell Structure: Subcellular Components - Slides, An overview of the most important organelles in the cells. Further emphasize the importance of the structure of the plasma membrane on the selective permeability of the membrane. RNA polymerase in a prokaryote is composed of several subunits. Community Trivia ⌨️ Hyper Typer Calendar Phenylketonuria occurs when another enzyme in the pathway is altered or missing, resulting in a failure of phenylalanine to be metabolized to another amino acid: tyrosine. This is evidence that the product of the bicoid gene. Which of the following is true of aneuploidies in general? Which of the following calculations require that you utilize the addition rule? Of the following, which is the best use of this discovery? One of the major differences between eukaryotes and prokaryotes is that eukaryotes compartmentalize their internal processes in membrane-bound organelles. pairs of homologous chromosomes all aligned at the cells center. ', Browse slides from the stream 'Membrane Transport. These two classes of DNA probably represent.